Research Faculty

Gerard Kugel, D.M.D, M.S., Ph.D.
Associate Dean for Research

With an expertise in Clinical Research and Esthetic Dentistry, he is a reviewer for The New England Journal of Medicine, JADA, Journal of Esthetic Dentistry, Esthetic Technique and The Dental Advisor. He is on the Editorial Board of Practical Periodontics and Aesthetic Dentistry, Contemporary Esthetics, Compendium, The Journal of Cosmetic Dentistry, and The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry. He is a Fellow in the American and International Colleges of Dentistry as well as the Academy of General Dentistry and the Academy of Dental Materials.

Dr. Kugel received his B.S. in Biology and Psychology from Rutgers University. He received his doctorate in dentistry from Tufts University School of Dental Medicine. Dr. Kugel also received his M.S. from Tufts Medical School in the Department of Anatomy and Cellular Biology. Dr. Kugel has his Ph.D. in Dental Materials from the University of Siena, Italy.

Dr. Kugel has published over 100 articles and 150 abstracts in the field of restorative materials and techniques. He was given over 200 lectures both nationally and internationally. Dr. Kugel is part of a group practice, the Boston Center for Oral Health, located in Back Bay, Boston.

David Bardwell, D.M.D., M.S.
Associate Clinical Professor

Dr. David Bardwell has lectured nationally for the last 7 years.His current position is Director of Post Graduate Esthetic Dentistry, and is an Associate Clinical Professor of Restorative Dentistry in the Divisions of both Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics and Operative Dentistry. Dr.Bardwell also conducts Clinical Research and has presented papers and abstrscts at IADR & AADR annual sessions in the area of Dental Biomaterials. He has published several articles in various peer revue journals in the area of Esthetic Dentistry as well.

Dr. Bardwell is a 1985 Graduate of Tufts University School of Dental Medicine where he received his D.M.D. degree. He also did his Postgraduate training at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine where he received his Masters in Dental Science. He maintains a Private Practice in North Andover, Ma. in Restorative and Esthetic Dentistry along with his responsibilities at Tufts. He is a Fellow in the American College of Dentists as well as the Academy of General Dentistry.

Dr. Bardwell lectures in the areas of adhesive dentistry specifically techniques for successful direct and indirect posterior composites. He also bases his interest and lectures in Treatment Plan modalities for successful Porcelain Laminate Veneers and its impact in Smile Design. Dr. Bardwell has devoted extensive time and research in the area of tooth lightening (Bleaching) and lectures on efficacy, safety, and its integration in Esthetic treatment plans.

Eileen H. Doherty, M.S.
Assistant Professor
Director of the Predoctoral Student Research Program

Eileen Doherty is the Director of the Predoctoral Student Research Program and an Assistant Professor in the Department of Restorative Dentistry. She serves as Faculty Advisor to the Bates~Student Research Group, the Andrews Research Honor Society, and is Director of the annual Bates-Andrews Research Day.

Ms. Doherty received her B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Tufts University. She received her M.S. in Biomedical Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, where she performed research on the force distribution on dental implants.

Ms. Doherty’s research involves the mechanical testing of dental materials, and she has co-authored numerous abstracts and papers investigating adhesive systems, composite resin materials, and impression materials.

Research Faculty Contacts

Noshir Mehta, D.M.D.

Noshir Mehta received his dental degree and an M.S. degree with specialty training in Periodontology from Tufts University, School of Dental Medicine. He joined the research faculty of the dental school after graduating in 1973. In 1976, he started his own practice in Boston limited to Periodontology and the treatment of Temporamandibular Disorders. That same year, Dr. Mehta co-founded the TMJ clinic at Tufts and in 1985, was named the first Director of the Gelb Craniomandibular and Orofacial Pain Center. He joined the school full time in 1989 and started one of the first postgraduate training programs dedicated to the interdisciplinary management of Temporomandibular Disorders.

The diagnosis and management of Temporomandibular Disorders, Orofacial pain and head and neck pain from a full body perspective and the interaction of the dental occlusion in musculoskeletal dysfunction are Dr. Mehta’s major clinical and research interests. He also serves as a consultant to the Sleep Disorder Unit of the New England Medical Center in the area of bruxism and sleep apnea. In addition, Dr. Mehta is also the Associate Dean of Global Relations for Tufts University, School of Dental Medicine.

Dr. Mehta is a Diplomate of both, the American Board of Orofacial Pain and the American Board of Dental Sleep Medicine. He is a Fellow of the American College of Dentists and the International College of Dentists. He is the author numerous scientific articles and chapters in major textbooks on Orofacial Pain. He continues to lecture nationally and internationally.

Carole Palmer Ed.D., RD, LDN
Head of the Division of Nutrition and Oral Health Promotion

Dr. Carole Palmer is Professor and Head of the Division of Nutrition and Oral Health Promotion at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine. She is also Professor at the Tufts University School of Nutrition, Adjunct Professor at Tufts University School of Medicine and Staff Nutritionist at the Frances Stern Nutrition Center of New England Medical Center Hospital.

Dr. Palmer’s primary research emphasis has been the study of relationships between diet and/or nutrition, and oral conditions. She is also a leader in developing models for implementing nutrition care in clinical dental settings. She is known nationally and internationally for the innovative nutrition-related video training programs she has developed for national research studies, the government, voluntary agencies, professionals, and the public. She has written extensively in the professional and lay literature, and has consulted widely on nutrition and oral health issues for professional organizations and private industry.

She received her undergraduate degree in nutrition at Simmons College, her Masters’ degree/ Dietetic Internship at Tufts University and the New England Medical Center Hospital, and her Doctorate in Educational Policy, Planning, and Administration at Boston University.

Athena Papas D.M.D., Ph.D.
Johansen Professor of Dental
Research Director of Oral Medicine
Co-Head of the Division of Geriatric Dentistry

Dr Papas attended Jackson College at Tufts University, and received a B.S. in Biology in three years. She received her PhD in Oral Biology from the Nutrition Department at MIT. For her thesis, she worked with Dr. Melvin Glimcher at the MGH to isolate and characterize an enamel phoshoprotein involved in the mineralization of dental enamel. She attended Harvard School of Dental Medicine and worked as an NIDR postdoctoral student at Children’s Hospital where she continued her work with Dr. Glimcher. She was appointed to the faculty at Tufts, immediately after graduating dental school, 26 years ago. She now is a Professor in General Dentistry and in the School of Nutrition and holds an appointment in the Department of dentistry at NEMC.

Dr. Papas’ research focus has been to identify and find novel therapies for the treatment of high-risk patients, using science transfer. These populations have included the elderly, where she studied the oral health of over 2000 nursing home patients and 370 residents at 30 geriatric centers throughout Metropolitan Boston. She presented data, which helped change healthcare policy for dental treatment. She worked with a consortium of health care providers to develop demonstration projects in nursing homes and elderly housing projects, and provided dental care with mobile units to the homebound elderly. As early as 1982, she worked to teach health care professionals how to treat HIV infected patients and became the dentist for the New England AIDS Education and Training Center. She also has worked with Donald Hay at Forsyth on statherin and proline rich proteins in the saliva of elderly patients. She worked with the USDA Human Nutrition Center on Aging to define the interrelationship between Nutrition, Diet and Oral Health in the elderly. She has served on NIDCR panels and review committees, scientific advisory boards for foundations and companies, and has been Nutrition Program Chair for IADR.

In the study of high- risk patients, she and Dr. David Sullivan found that women with Sjogrens have lower levels of androgen, and lower levels of omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids and higher levels of sugar in their diets than the general population. In collaboration with Tom Esch, she has shown that NOD “knock off” mice have an ability to cross react with human antibody and antigen, thereby making them a good model in which study Sjogrens. She has also been the principal investigator in multi-center clinical trials investigating the capacities of pilocarpine and alpha interferon to increase salivary flow and improve oral health. She has received an SBIR grant to develop new brush heads for the Sonicare toothbrush, which she demonstrated also increases salivary flow. She now follows 1000 medication-induced xerostomia patients each year to examine the effects of medication on saliva, caries and periodontal disease. A previous study she conducted showed a three-fold increase in caries in this population, a five fold in patients with Sjogrens, and a ten fold increases in radiation therapy patients.

Throughout her career, remineralization of carious teeth and the restoration of the oral soft tissues have been a significant focus of her research. Working with Dean Erling Johansen, she has shown that teeth can remineralize and stay caries free for extended periods of time, up to twenty years, even in the highest risk patients. Most important, in sixteen years of treatment and study, there have been no deaths from oral infection in bone marrow transplant patients. The usual death rate in these patients is 25%. In fact, the allogenic patients actually engrafted sooner. These BMT, treated with remineralization solutions have had significantly less mucositis, less pain, less morphine required than those on a standard fluoride rinse. Dr. Papas has written two books and over 100 publications and has lectured nationally and internationally.

Ronald Perry, D.M.D., M.S., FAGD
Professor, Director, International Student Program, Department of Comprehensive Care

Dr. Perry is Director of International Student Program and Professor at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine.

Highlights of his recent research and teaching activities include: director for student course in temporization; principle investigator for several clinical trials of composite materials; analyst for a clinical trials study for major U.S. toothpaste and toothbrush product manufacturers; project manager for effectiveness studies of consumer-related products and bleaching materials. Dr. Perry graduated summa cum laude with a B.S. from Boston College. He earned his doctorate in dentistry from Boston University. He completed his M.S. in Dental Research at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine and owns a private general dentistry practice, Meridian Dental Associates, in South Weymouth, MA. Dr. Perry has published over 12 articles and over 35 abstracts and lectures nationally and internationally.

Anthony R. Silvestri Jr., D.M.D.
Clinical Professor